2022 Cellulose Sponge Wikipedia for Buyer | Pusponge
Updated: Aug 23
Cellulose is the primary substance found in most plants. It is the biggest source of abundant fiber on the planet. Cellulose has many uses cellulose sponge manufacturing process both for human beings and animals.
It has a significant contribution to the production of cloths, sponges, and wipes. Studies have shown that these cellulose sponges recyclable. Since it is recyclable, old sponges can be recycled into new ones.
Additionally, it is biodegradable. This will prevent soil pollution and help make the environment as clean and healthy as possible. As we dive into every aspect of this guide, you will get a deeply comprehensive understanding. It doesn’t matter whether you want to know about cellulose sponges or are looking for a buying guide. We will demonstrate everything you should know about cellulose sponges.
Table Of contents
What is Cellulose Sponge?
Why Should you Use Cellulose Sponges?
How They are Made?
Application Of Cellulose Sponges
How to Clean Cellulose Sponges
Disadvantages of Cellulose Sponges
Amazing Ways to Reuse Old Sponges
What is Cellulose Sponge?
As far as biodegradability is concerned, the cellulose sponge is the most eco-friendly material. It is made of cellulose, a natural wood fiber component, and Natural Cotton Fiber. Compared to other renewable and eco-friendly materials, it has been demonstrated to be the most environmentally friendly one. Additionally, it can be recycled numerous times. In this way, the waste of old products can be prevented and they can be used to make new ones.
Even if sponges are thrown into the environment, they will return to the soil and will not harm it. Since sponges are biodegradable, they will mix with soils. In this way, it prevents environmental damage and keeps the earth pure. Although sponges are man-made and the process of making them has chemical reactions, they are still better than plastic, which does not degrade into the soil and harms our environment in different ways.
Schematic of wood structure from tree to cellulose molecule
Now that we know what is cellulose sponges, let’s have a look at how it was invented. The sponge market consists of several types, all of which are invented by different people. In 1937, German scientist Otto Bayer invented polyurethane foam, which is the main material for making sponges. He invented it accidentally as he was unaware of it. Later in 1947, three engineers, Chester Chet Hardt, Gerald Red Murray, and Jack Bitzer established an organization to make sponges for the consumer market. They named the company O-CEL-O after they found the chemical formula of sponges which is Oxygen-Cellulose-Oxygen.
Why should you Use cellulose Sponges?
A cellulose sponge is a cleaning tool that you can use to clean. It may be cleaning your kitchen, your car, floor, etc. However, you can also use many other tools to accomplish the same task. Then why would you use cellulose sponges instead of a plastic tool? Here are a few reasons why you should choose cellulose sponges over any other material.
Cellulose sponge open cell
The durability and performance of cellulose sponges make them ideal for cleaning jobs. In addition to absorbing and holding liquid, open-cell sponges are extremely durable and perform their job with utmost efficiency. Furthermore, they are also excellent at absorbing and holding dust. These multi-tasking sponges are built to last.
Many cleaning tools cannot be used more than once or twice. As far as cellulose sponges are concerned, we can use them as many times as we like until they stop working. Once you use a sponge to clean something, clean the sponge and reuse it to clean something else. Since you can use the sponge many times and perform different tasks with it, the reusable feature will help you save more.
In terms of benefits, it is the fact that it is renewable. When the sponge becomes old and damaged, a new sponge can be created using the old sponge. This is how we can prevent the wastage of sponges. By doing so, we also save the environment and reduce production costs.
It is our activity that harms our mother earth the most. Without considering the damage it may cause to the earth, we fulfill our desire. The same holds when purchasing home cleaning equipment. There are a wide variety of options to choose from. In either case, we could use a material that is not disposable and will harm the earth or biodegradable and eco-friendly material.
Despite the fact that cellulose sponges are manufactured, they can easily be mixed with soli as it is biodegradable. Hence, using sponges to complete our work won’t harm the environment.
It is possible to prevent big harm by making a small decision. As a result, cellulose sponges should be preferred over any other material when both are available. The purpose of this is not only for our benefit but also for the benefit of all mankind since it is our duty to protect our planet.
How is Cellulose Sponge Made?
PUSPONGE‘s sponge manufacturing technique involves dissolving timber pulp sourced from FSC licensed paper mills. Chemicals used for the duration of the manufacturing method are reclaimed and reused to limit the environmental effect of sponge manufacturing.
Cellulose sponges are made from wood pulp or hemp fibers. After collecting the cellulose, flax, and other ingredients, a formulation is applied that will make the sponge more durable, flexible, and possess other exceptional qualities.
The process begins with a huge rigid piece of cellulose and softener mixture. After the mixture, it becomes like slurry jelly which is then mixed with sodium sulfurate crystals later.
- A huge rigid piece of cellulose is brought to the factory and workers take them. They then soak those cellulose sheets in water that has chemical softeners that will reduce their stiffness. After being soaked, cellulose becomes like slurry jelly. Workers then load this jelly-type cellulose in a steel mixture that is huge. Then they cut hemp fibers and add sodium sulfate crystals and start mixing in the mixture steel. The process of the mixture keeps running on the machine until all the ingredients get incorporated.
Cellulose sponge block
- Once the mixture is completed, workers pour the mixture material into a mold. They start heating the mold and the cellulose mixture is getting cooked. When the heat reaches a certain level, sodium sulfate crystals get melt and will flow from the holes of the mold. This melting will create pores in the final output that we see in the sponges. The size of the pores depends on the dimension of salt sulfate crystals. If the dimension of salt sulfate crystals is big, the pore will be also big. Sponges with big pores are usually used in washing cars while sponges with small pores are used doing face makeup. According to the requirement, manufacturers make sponges. After the cellulose mixture gets cooked, it turns into a hard porous block.
- The hard porous block merged in a puddle of bleach that help to remove the dirt from the block and make it pure. Because of the extraction of dirt, the color gets brighter. Then workers wash the sponges by soaking them in water that makes them flexible and clean. Then they leave the sponges to dry as they have cut them into pieces.
- Now that everything is ready, workers would have to cut it and pack it. Many manufacturers have their brand name and they pack it with their packaging. At the same time, many manufacturers sell the raw cellulose sponges to a firm called a converter. They then cut the sponges as their client’s requirement and pack them with their own packaging. In the main manufacturing branch, workers cut it through an automatic cutter. Huge rectangular sponges are put in the machine and they set the size for cutting.
This is the whole process of manufacturing cellulose sponges. Though different manufacturers have their own processes of making sponges, this is the standard way of making them. Nowadays, we also see various styles of sponges. Either manufacturers manually do it or may have their own custom solutions.
Application Of Cellulose Sponges
Cellulose sponges are used widely as it is durable and help to ease the task. It has a liquid and dart absorption power that help to clean anything like a car, kitchen accessories, etc. Additionally, it has a 95% bacterial killing capacity. Since cellulose sponges are biodegradable and eco-friendly, they have passed the test to stay here for a long time. Currently, it has many applications in our everyday lives, and they will only increase with time because of its environmental benefits.
The following are some of the common ways sponges are used in our everyday lives. Although there are many more, these are some of the most common.
Various types of cellulose sponges are used in everyday life to accomplish a variety of cleaning tasks. From cleaning countertops to cleaning windows, sponges are effective. There are times when you will require a hard sponge and times when a soft sponge will suffice. Therefore, you should buy the right sponge for your daily needs depending on your needs.
Since it absorbs water well and is resistant to high temperatures, it is a great material for car washing. We have already discussed sponges with open and closed cell structures. Cars are washed using sponges that have open cells because they have large pores. Pores with a large size are able to absorb more water, so they can thoroughly clean the car.
Sea sponges are great for washing cars. In addition to being durable, they are soft and absorbent. Due to its softness, it will not harm the car’s skin, and it will leave no marks on the face. If you don’t want to buy sea sponges, buy a sponge that qualifies with the qualities. Ideally, it should be soft, durable, and absorbent to thoroughly clean your car.
Researchers often use Sponges in large quantities, especially in chemical laboratories. They use them to wipe down surfaces after chemicals fall on them. Sometimes they are used to absorb chemical liquids during experiments.
It is a mandatory material in beauty salons. This material works to remove stains and oils from the skin. Apart from the beauty salon, it is used in everyday life for removing masks. Due to the natural ingredients used, it can be used on any type of skin.
We have already learned how cellulose sponges are made. Despite being manufactured, they are made from natural substances. Its antibacterial properties prevent our skin from getting infected, so it doesn’t harm us. For wound dressing, doctors use it because it is safer than any other material.
The use of other materials that are made from chemical reactions can also cause the wound to swell. A cellulose sponge, on the other hand, does not have any side effects since it is made of natural materials. This makes it an excellent wound dressing.
Cellulose Sponge For Printing
There is no alternative to sponge painting when it comes to creative color painting. The sponge painting technique is used for creating color blends and color arrays. A gradient effect will be created by blending one color into another.
People are more interested in modern painting in the modern era. Therefore, the need for painting sponges is growing every day.
Aquarium cellulose sponge filter
Filtering Water in Aquarium
The versatile benefits of sponges don’t end there. It can perform other tasks, such as filtering water in aquariums. Needless to say, these filters are very simple to install. This cost-effective method of filtering water is used in modern aquariums to reduce bacteria.
In addition to providing mechanical filtration, filter sponges create a balanced aquatic ecosystem. They are safe and Fish can live happily in the gentle filter water.
Aside from these, it can also be used to clean a wide range of surfaces. The following are just a few:
Shower and tubs
It would take a very long time to demonstrate all the benefits of cellulose sponges. Due to its versatility, it is being used more and more in every field. As it is made of natural ingredients, people are becoming aware of its benefits for the environment. Hence, people are adopting it instead of chemical materials that harm the environment.
The user can implement mops for the maintenance of homes. Mops made of cellulose sponges are far better at cleaning than ordinary mops. The dirt on the floors gets absorbed with water, and thus, you can do cleaning hassle-free and more effectively. You can also squeeze out the excess water from the sponge easily without getting your hands wet. In ordinary mops, squeezing out the dirty water after cleaning is a tedious task, as it leaves our hands dirty, but this is not the case with mops composed of cellulose sponges.
Wipers for offset printing plates
We have already read how cellulose sponges are made. Their ability to handle crucial films comes from the high-quality materials that these sponges are composed of. High-quality pulp material, also known as natural fiber, is used in its making. It is an excellent absorber of water and is too delicate. Another quality is that they do not get overrun through oil films and gasoline.
The cellulose sponge is used in the medical field due to its water absorbency and delicate touch, electrotherapy, sampling devices, bone regeneration, eye surgery, wound care products, and many more. Some of the medical products where it is used are:
Disinfectant: The cellulose sponge is an excellent liquid absorber. It retains a sufficient amount of disinfectant that the nurse applies to the affected area at once, thus promoting smooth usage. Compared to a swab, a sponge is cleaner and more delicate to the patient’s skin.
Ophthalmic Surgery: The cellulose sponges can absorb liquid without delay, giving them an excellent suction ability. This way, it helps in achieving a smoother surgical procedure.
Adhesive plaster: When touched to the skin, a sponge feels gentle, and its waste thread has nothing to leave on the wound. It is reputable among specialists as an adhesive plaster because its moisture absorbing ability stops the bleeding for faster recovery.
Medical treatment pad for low-frequency therapy equipment: Although the cellulose sponge is a conductor, it acts as an electric pad after the absorbing pad. Thus, you can use it as treatment equipment in low-frequency procedures.
Face cleaning pads
The cellulose sponges are used for making face cleaning pads. Its delicate nature assures that it is good on the user’s skin and leaves no rashes or marks after use. You can use it to remove make-up from the face and absorb the make-up cleaner before application on the face. Else, dip it in water to clean off the dirt from the face. It will absorb all the contaminants and dust particles from the face and give a glowing look.
Cellulose Sponge for Biological Carrier
The cellulose sponge has a high affinity for living beings and is suitable for bio-research & environment protection. Its high affinity toward living organisms makes it a perfect bacteria cultivator. The various bacteria cultivated using sponges are animal cells, food reactors, and the treatment of fluid wastes. The current policies limit phosphorus and nitrogen content in drainages. These sponges are ideal carriers that can remove nitrogen and are also disposable.
You can use the cellulose sponge for several kitchen and dining purposes, like cleaning dishes in the kitchen. Its delicacy, flexibility, and excellent water retention capability make it a good cleaner as it instantly removes dirt.
Drainer mats are composed of cellulose sponges. You can use these mats for draining glasses and cleaning utensils at home. To disinfect it, all you need is boiling water. Since the sponge is an outstanding property of water resistivity, it cleans up fast.
Automobile parts cleaner
The cellulose sponge is an excellent material for washing automobiles because it gets developed from the natural pulp. It is ideal for cleaning parts of your car because it is soft and delicate. It enhances the car wash. These sponges are also used to make modern cleaning clothes with excellent water absorbing ability. Cleaning your car with an ordinary cloth may result in scratches on the car’s body. But the delicacy of a sponge eliminates this fact.
Cellulose Sponge for Sealing Cable Ducts
The chemical markets too extensively use cellulose sponges. They are used in shipbuilding to seal cable ducts in the bulkheads of cables. Some other usage areas include cooling processes where you can use these as moisture absorbers, various filtration processes in the petrochemical industry, and laboratories for microbiological analysis.
Cellulose Sponge for cooling process of monofilament
The monofilament production lines are used for the monofilaments development from raw materials. Some end goods include tennis strings, artificial turf, fishing lines, and brushes. The process is carried out in the heat presence. You can use cooling liquids or water for cooling down and cleaning the filaments. To absorb and wipe off the excess liquid or water, the cellulose sponges are used at the end of the line.
Different types of packaging use the cellulose sponge differently. Some common types of packaging that use cellulose sponges are consumer packets, add-on promotions, cosmetic packaging, and packing hazardous liquids for transportation.
The natural capillary action of the sponges results in an extremely high liquid absorption capacity. This property finds application in wiping and absorbing several materials and surfaces. The most frequent usage is drying the surfaces, such as cables, steel belts, or filament threads on the production line.
The cleaning applications of the cellulose sponges are not limited to our house. These are also used in industries for carrying out surface treatment. Clean all the surfaces like metals, plastics, and ceramics thoroughly using the sponges. The soft and resistant material ensures that the surfaces do not get any scratches or marks which ordinary cleaning clothes can give. Enrich the chemical and solvent resistance of the sponge with any cleaning agent, if needed. The addition of chemical agents makes the sponge adaptive to special purposes.
Aside from these, it can also be used to clean a wide range of surfaces. The following are just a few:
Shower and tubs
It would take a very long time to demonstrate all the benefits of cellulose sponges. Due to its versatility, it is being used increasingly in every field. As it is made of natural ingredients, people are becoming aware of its benefits for the environment. Hence, people are adopting it instead of chemical materials that harm the environment.
How to Clean Cellulose Sponges?
Keeping your cellulose sponge clean after every use will keep it lasting for a long time. This is not only for lasting, but you should always keep it clean since you have to reuse it. As long as you keep it clean, you can reuse it for six months. However, if you use it frequently and roughly, it may only last one month. Rinse them thoroughly after each use and allow them to air dry before using again. That’s how you can take care of a sponge.
While this way will help you to keep your sponge clean, it will hardly help you to kill bacteria. Killing bacteria is extremely important as it can harm your health. Specifically, you should take good care of your sponges when you are cleaning your dishes. If they contain bacteria, they will spread into dishes and you may face physical illness. Therefore, it is important to take proper care of your sponge.
Here are a few methods for killing bacteria on sponges.
We all know that heat kills bacteria, don’t we? So, with the help of a Microwave, you can kill the bacteria of sponges. The first step is to wet the sponge and place it in the microwave for about 30 seconds. Make sure the sponge is wet enough otherwise it will catch fire and burn. Also, don’t keep it longer than 30 seconds.
Take a container. Put 90 percent water and 10 percent bleach in it and mix well. Take the sponge and put it into the mixture for 2 minutes. Allow it to dry in the open air after you have wrung it out.
Soak the sponge in vinegar for 5-6 minutes and then rinse it in clean water and let it dry.
These simple methods will help you keep your sponges clean and bacteria-free. Additionally, sponges that you use for your floor should be free of bacteria.
Cellulose Sponge Safety
Use Different Sponges for Different Task
It is never a good idea to mix sponges or do different tasks with the same sponge. There is no doubt that you will not use a sponge to clean the dishes that you use in the bathroom. However, even for the kitchen, you ought to have different sponges for different tasks.
Although the longevity of a sponge depends on its quality and how you take care of it, you should replace it frequently. Experts say you can use your sponges for up to six months if you keep them clean and lightly use them. In spite of taking proper care, you may only be able to use them for one month if you use them roughly.
Therefore, you should always check sponges frequently to determine whether they can be used or not. Additionally, you can move your kitchen sponge to the bathroom after some time and replace it with a new one. This way, you’ll be safe against bacteria.
Store in a Dry Location
After every use, you should not only rinse it well but also let it air dry in a dry place. Make sure it has completely dried before reusing it. It may contain bacteria and mold, which can be harmful.
Disadvantages of Cellulose Sponges
There are advantages and disadvantages to everything. Despite being 100% natural and biodegradable, the process of making cellulose sponge is harmful to the environment.
As a result of the production process, the environment is polluted. There are very few countries with foaming facilities since it is a major concern.
Furthermore, the pores and blocks in cellulose sponges allow food particles to adhere to them. Therefore, it is very difficult to completely rinse them. When it comes into direct contact with food, it will gradually harm us. Whenever it gets dirty, it should be replaced as soon as possible.
As a consequence of bacterial growth, the sponge cannot also be used to wipe raw meats and raw eggs. Therefore, cellulose sponges are not ideal for anything containing bacteria. If this is the case, disposable sponges are the best and only option available to you.
If your sponges get dirty or start to smell, throw them away into the soil. They are the container of bacteria and germs and they will start spreading into your food dishes. Therefore, be aware before they begin causing harm to you and your family.
As sponges are made from 100% natural plant-based material, cellulose, it’s 100% biodegradable. A further advantage of cellulose sponge is that it is renewable and recyclable. If you throw it in the soil, it will degrade, and if you want to use it again, you can send it to the manufacturer.
So, no matter what you do with them, they will not harm our environment in any way. But a little effort can help the earth digest the sponges more quickly. It is best to cut them into pieces before throwing them in the soil so they will mix easier.
In contrast, there are many sponges that have polyfill additives or are attached to plastic with a two-sided sponge. Such sponges are neither biodegradable nor renewable. Our earth is bound to be harmed by these substances as they take thousands of years to decompose. Since they are not recyclable, you cannot send them to manufacturers for recycling. Ideally, you should cut them up into little pieces and throw them away in regular garbage.
It is always a wise decision to use cellulose sponges that are 100% natural since they do not harm you or the environment. If there is no alternative to your needs, you may use plastic materials. Still, try avoiding plastic materials whenever possible.
Amazing Ways to Reuse Old Sponges
When you can repurpose an old product for a new purpose, you experience an inner sense of joy. There are several ways in which you can use old cellulose sponges. However, make sure that you clean them very well before using them for anything else. Remove all detergents and chemicals from the sponges before using them. Then you can use them in a variety of creative ways to complete your task.
The following are a few creative ways you can repurpose cellulose sponges.
- Save them for dirty jobs
It’s a great way to reuse old sponges. Although your sponges are not suited to clean plates, you can at least use them to wash cars or in the bathroom. Keep a mark on the dirty sponge as a reminder that the sponges are not for use in the kitchen or dishwashing. They’re for cleaning dirty stuff. You can get sick from bacteria, but not your car. Thus, this is an excellent way of reusing your old cellulose sponges.
- Hydrate thirsty plants
Many indoor and outdoor plants remain so thirsty that they seem to be suffering from a lack of water. No matter how much you water them, they will be suffering from thirst. Take some old sponges and put them into the bottom of the pot for water retention. In this way, the household plants will not become dehydrated too soon.
- Use to Preserve veggies
Sponges are known for their excellent water-saving properties. The vegetables we bring from the market will get dried out due to a lack of water. We can preserve vegetables for a long time by soaking sponges. You can reuse your old sponges in this way, and your veggies will remain fresh for a long time. After that, you can store them in the refrigerator.
- Soak up water in your umbrella stand
During periods of heavy rain, you may notice sticky water pooling on the umbrella stand. Attach sponges to the top of the stand to soak up the water.
- Use to grow seeds
If you want your seed to grow it indoors, you can use sponges to cultivate seeds. To sow, you can use the whole sponge, or you can cut it into pieces and then put them into a tray. That’s how you can cultivate indoor plants effectively with sponges.
- Are cellulose sponges environmentally friendly?
=> We have discussed the source and manufacturing process of cellulose sponges. Cellulose sponges are made from wood fibers and cellulose. All the ingredients that are used to make cellulose sponges are natural and toxin-free.
It is manufactured, which is what makes us confused. Indeed, it is. It is still more toxic-free than other plastic sponges that use toxic manufacturing processes. So, undoubtedly, cellulose sponges are environmentally friendly.
- Do sponges bio-degrade?
=> As we are talking about cellulose sponges here, they are undoubtedly biodegradable. According to research, sponges made from plastic materials do not decompose. The ingredients in cellulose sponges are all-natural, so they will decompose soon and won’t harm the soil.
- How long does it take a sponge to decompose?
=> If you are using plastic sponges for your kitchen, they will never compose on earth. On the other hand, cellulose sponges will take over a year to fully decompose. In today’s market, cellulose sponges are being treated with harsh chemicals in order to decrease the growth of bacteria. The decomposition of those sponges could take a few more years. For the best results, you should always use 100% natural sponges.
- How long can you use a cellulose sponge?
=> How you use your sponges in your daily life affects how long they last. Performing delicate tasks and cleaning them daily can extend the lifespan to six months. However, if you use it for tougher tasks, it will only last for a month.
Nevertheless, you should replace your cellulose sponge frequently for safety reasons. You can use these old sponges in various creative ways later, as we have mentioned above. You can also transfer your old kitchen sponges to the bathroom and purchase a new one for the kitchen.
- Are cellulose sponges recyclable?
=> Sponge materials can be divided into two categories: plastic and cellulose. Plastic sponges are neither recyclable nor compostable, whereas cellulose sponges (made of natural materials) are both recyclable and compostable.
- Is it better to wash dishes with a sponge or dishcloth?
=> Whether you want to use sponges or dishcloths to wash dishes is entirely a personal preference. Research shows that dishcloth isn’t any more hygienic than sponges. They are both biodegradable and recyclable. However, as a result of our experience with sponges, we believe that they are far superior to dishcloths.
- How long can bacteria live in a dry sponge?
=> Bacteria and viruses cannot survive in conditions with less than 10 percent humidity on the surface. In other words, they may stay for a few hours or a day, depending on the humidity and exposure to the sun.
Researchers at ASB Microbe Online discovered that harmful bacteria like Salmonella, Staphylococcus, and E. Coli could survive up to 16 days on kitchen sponges. Therefore, kitchen sponges should always be wiped down after use.
- When should you throw away a sponge?
We assume that you are taking proper care of your kitchen sponges, like wring them out after every wash and letting them dry in the air. Although, it would be better if you disposed of your sponges before they smelled bad or looked dirty. This way, you can ensure your dishes are safe from bacteria and will not harm you and your lovely family.